Use quotation marks ( “ ” ) to set off quoted or spoken language.
Quotation marks also set off the titles of things that do not normally stand by themselves: short stories, poems, and articles. Usually, a quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by a comma; however, the typography of quoted material can become quite complicated. Here is one simple rule to remember:
In the United States, periods and commas go inside quotation marks regardless of logic. But growing up in the islands, I was taught something totally different.
In the United Kingdom, Canada, and the islands under the influence of British education, punctuation around quotation marks is more apt to follow logic. In America, you write: My favorite poem is Maya Angelou’s “Phenomenal Woman.” But in Jamaica we write: My favorite poem is Maya Angelou’s “Phenomenal Woman”.
The placement of marks other than periods and commas follows the logic that quotation marks should accompany (be right next to) the text being quoted or set apart as a title.
* If you open quotes, don’t forget to close them. For instance, “Where are you going?
This sentence is missing the close quotation marks at the end of the question mark.
*Capitalize the first letter in the quotation marks.”
*If a direct quotation is interrupted mid-sentence, do not capitalize the second part of the quotation.
“What were you thinking about, Momma said, “when you did that?”